In an emergency situation, even the most everyday items become extremely valuable. It’s very important to know what to do in such situations and how to use these things to save your life.
Smalljoys tells about 12 things you should know in a critical situation.
№ 12. To start a fire quickly, put branches or coals into an empty egg carton.
Cartons light up very quickly, and the temperature is high enough to light up coals or wet branches even in windy weather.
№ 11. Use a T-shirt to filter water.
Put a container with dirty water on a raised surface and another one (empty) below and next to it. Tear off a piece of cloth, and put one end of it into the dirty water. The other end should be in the empty container. It’s better to boil the filtered water just in case.
№ 10. Light up a wax crayon.
A wax crayon can be used for starting a fire or instead of a candle. It consists of combustible material. One wax crayon can burn for 30 minutes.
№ 9. To get warm, put grass and branches under your clothes.
Leaves and grass can help you keep warm and protect you from hypothermia in a critical situation.
№ 8. Mosquitos, flies, and other insects don’t like the smell of burning herbs.
To protect yourself from being bitten by insects, throw a branch of thyme or some mint onto a fire. This smell can also scare wild animals.
№ 7. Use toothpaste to get rid of the itch from insect bites.
Toothpaste contains anti-inflammatory components that decrease swelling and redness. Menthol will cool down the bitten spot and reduce the itching.
№ 6. If you get scratched, put ChapStick on it.
ChapStick will help you avoid bacteria in the cut. You can also put some on your face to protect yourself from low temperatures and dehydration.
№ 5. Use a tampon to stop bleeding.
A tampon is sterile. It will absorb the blood and stop even a serious bleeding.
№ 4. A condom is a great reservoir for pure water.
A condom is sterile and strong. In a critical situation, it can be used for storing pure water. Attach a small tube to the neck, pour some water into the condom, and put it into a sock. You will have a reservoir that you can store a liter of water in.
№ 3. Scrape off a little bit of plastic from a pick, and light it to start a fire quickly.
Picks consist of celluloid that burns extremely well even in wet weather.
№ 2. To make a compass, put a leaf on water, and put a needle on the leaf.
If you are lost, making a compass is easy. Take a needle or a pin, and rub one end of it on your jeans or any other dense fabric. Put the needle on a leaf in water. The end that you rubbed will point to the north.
№ 1. How to tell a deadly snake from a safe one.
If you were bitten by a snake, don’t panic. It might not have been poisonous.
- A poisonous snake leaves large clear holes made by the front teeth. Non-poisonous snakes usually have 2 rows of teeth.
- Poisonous snakes’ pupils look similar to cats’. Non-poisonous snakes have round pupils.
- Poisonous snakes have solid scales on the ventral side of the body. Non-poisonous snakes have forked scales.
If you fall out of a window
- When you fall, try to cling to anything you can find. It’ll break your fall in a few intervals and decrease your speed a bit. And if there’s a canopy on your way, be it a plastic or glass one, it will help you to stop your fall.
- It might sound like a cruel joke, but try to relax your muscles while you’re falling, don’t tense them up. Drunk people and little kids are those who survive a fall most often. First of all, neither kids nor drunks realize what’s happening to the full extent. Secondly, alcohol switches off panic and relaxes muscles. As for babies, their bones are much softer than those of an adult, and their skull is more likely to deform, than to crack after hitting the ground.
- Bend your knees (but not too much) and hold your legs together. This way both of your legs will touch the ground simultaneously, and the impact will be weaker. Additionally, try to land on the tips of your toes to absorb the force of the impact. You will most likely break your legs, but this is the lesser of two evils. Don’t do the following: don’t land on straight legs, don’t spread them apart, and don’t land on one leg thinking that you’ll save the other this way.
- While you’re falling, cover your head with your arms. At the moment your feet touch the concrete (in the worst case scenario) or the dirt (which is better), you’ll probably bounce a bit and then fall. So, try to fall on your side. Your arms around your head will protect it from the impact.
- If you survived, you are lucky. Now lie still, don’t move, and wait for help.
If you fall from an airplane
It will take you about 3-6 minutes to fall from the height of 33,000 feet, and the fall itself will have the speed of 120 miles per hour. Unfortunately, the chances of surviving are incredibly slim, but it’s still worth trying to save your life.
- First of all, keep in mind that people who managed to survive sat in the tail part of the plane.
- So, if something happens to your plane, like it explodes or starts falling into pieces right in the air: first, you’ll hear a deafening roar and feel blistering cold as it begins to fall. There’s very littleoxygen at these heights, so you’ll probably pass out. However, when you descend to the lower layers of the atmosphere, you might regain consciousness.
- Try to curl up in your seat or climb on some wreckage; this will increase your chances for survival. This is what Larisa Savitskaya, a woman from the USSR who stayed alive after falling from a height of 3 miles, said about the plane crash she became the victim of:
The wings of AN-24 were torn away along with the fuel tanks and the roof. I was sleeping at that moment. I remember a terrible blow and a burn; the temperature fell from 77 to minus 22 degrees F. There was a screaming and a howling of the wind. I was thrown into the aisle and found myself in the tail part of the plane. Suddenly I remembered one Italian movie, Miracles Still Happen. The main character of that movie saved herself in a plane crash by curling up in her seat. Somehow I got into a chair. I didn’t think I’d survive, I just wanted to die painlessly. There was a green flash and a blow. I landed in the forest falling on young trees, and that saved my life.
There are twice as few survivors after a solo free fall than those who were falling clinging to some wreckage. One of such people was a military pilot Alan Magee. In 1943, he fell from his aircraft that was flying at the height of 20,000 feet, and survived after crashing through the roof of a train station. If you happen to be in such a situation, remember this advice:
- Take the pose of a falling skydiver, spread your legs and arms. This way you’ll slow down your fall.
- Try to direct your flight: to move backwards, bend your legs as if you want to touch your head with your heels. To move to the right, lower your right shoulder and bend your body to the right.
- Try not to land on water even if you’re a good diver. When a person falls from an extreme height, the impact from hitting the water will be the same as colliding with concrete. Direct your fall toward a field, some plants, trees, or bushes. On the other hand, there’s a chance that you’ll be pierced with a stick or branch. The best alternative would be snow or a haystack.
- After you survive the landing, the most challenging part will start. You’ll have to stay alive and find people. 17-year-old Juliane Koepke managed to find her way out of the Amazon jungles after falling from the height of 10,000 feet. She had her collarbone broken, lots of minor wounds and abrasions, and only a pack of candy to eat. But eventually after 9 days of wandering, she found people.
Of course, except for this knowledge, you have to have luck on your side too. But since you’ve read this article, you can be sure that your chances for survival have significantly increased.